Exciting facts about karnataka

BY Shubhi Mathur, 28 Feb, 2018

Global Jigyasa - India 101

Neighbouring Regions

Karnataka, karnataka neighbours, cauvery water dispute, capital of karnataka, religious groups in karnataka, it hub of india

Capital of Karnataka and Political System

The capital of Karnataka is Bengaluru.      .

Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India.  The Chief Minister of the state is KM Siddaramaiah and the Governor is Vajubhai Vala.

Current Status of Karnataka

Karnataka is the information technology (IT) hub of India. The state’s economy is primarily agrarian while  IT, automobile, aerospace, biotech and textiles are other industries in Karnataka. Bangalore is the software capital of India. The state also has a 320 km long coastline and serves as a famous tourist destination.  The industrial sector and agriculture have formed the backbone of Karnataka’s economy.  The state is also known for its silk and khadi industry.   The Human Development index of Karnataka is 12th in India. The sex ratio in the state is above the national average and stands at 965. The literacy rate of Karnataka stands at 75.36 percent. In the year 2000, the Planning Commission estimated that 20.04 percent of the population of the state is living below the poverty line (BPL).   The state is also one of the bicameral legislatures in India with two democratically elected houses.  It is also well connected through air, water and rail. The state has 11 ports and airports at all major locations and is also the first state in India to have an aerospace policy.


Karnataka State Assembly
Karnataka State Assembly

Issues of International Importance over the Years

Cauvery water issue

The Cauvery river originates in Kodagu in Karnataka and flows through Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry and Kerala. The tussle between the two states, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu with respect to sharing Cauvery water dates back to the British era. But the matter, in spite of going to the Supreme Court several times, has not been resolved amicably by the two state. In order to resolve the crisis, the Cauvery Water Tribunal was constituted in 1990 by the central government. In 2009, the tribunal decided that 419 thousand million cubic feet (tmc ft) will go to Tamil Nadu, 270 tmc ft to Karnataka, 30 tmc ft for Kerala and 7 tmc ft will go to Pondicherry. But both the Karnataka and the Tamil Nadu governments challenged the verdict in the Supreme Court.


As and when there are poor monsoons, the dispute escalates. In 2016, when both states received less than adequate rainfall, tension escalated. While Tamil Nadu needed water for agriculture, Karnataka refused to release water on the grounds that it didn’t have enough drinking water. When in 2016, the Supreme Court of India directed Karnataka to release 15000 cusecs of water for 10 days on a daily basis, protests broke out in Karnataka. Widespread protests were witnessed in both states. Public properties were set on fire and violence ensued for a couple of days.   In a landmark judgement by the Supreme Court on February 16, 2018, Karnataka’s share of the Cauvery waters was increased by 14.75 thousand million cubic feet to 284.75 tmc. This increase caused Tamil Nadu’s share to decrease to 404.25 tmc ft from 419 tmc ft. (G, 2018)



The state of Karnataka has been drought hit since the past three years.  It is estimated that for the first time in 42 years, the region has received less than adequate rainfall which has forced the farmers of the region to abandon agricultural activities. The situation became so dire in the Mandya district that the farmers failed to harvest a single paddy crop this year. Karnataka suffered a crop loss of over Rs 25000 crore in 2016.

Religious Group Distribution

  1. Hinduism 84%
  2. Islam 12.92%
  3. Christianity 1.87%
  4. Jainism 0.72%
  5. Buddhism 0.16%
  6. Sikhism 0.05%

Links for Detailed Research


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